Funded by GTZ
Lebanese poultry industry causes much harm to the environment, such as the use of harmful chemicals for disinfecting farms and treating chicken. The other source of danger is the lack of a comprehensive waste-management plan to reduce the risks associated with the use and disposal of animal waste and especially that related to chicken mortality. Farmers tend to either throw their dead birds in nature or burn them. Most of the farmers prefer the first method, as it is the cheapest. This method leads to:
- Pollution of water courses and air,
- Loss of potential fertilizer substrates,
- Generation of removal expenses (instead of financial benefit),
- Creation of a negative social and regulatory environment for agriculture,
- Potential diseases resulting in increased mortality, thus more economical setbacks for rural families.
Hence, the project entitled “Composting of Poultry Carcasses” came to life.
AIMS & OBJECTIVES:
The “Composting of Poultry Carcasses” is a pilot project to determine the best method to compost/process bird carcasses under local conditions.
As such, the construction of the poultry carcasses composting unit started back in October 2001 in South Lebanon in the area of Dardghia. This unit is suitable to process carcasses from a small size chicken farm. After a trial period of 6 months, the most suitable methods for processing carcasses should be more or less shaped. Afterward, there should be a series of seminars to increase the awareness about the benefits of composting carcasses, and some on-site visits for farmers to see and learn about composters.
Work started on the composter in late October 2001. The outcome from the first trial back then was not a success since the carcasses were incompletely decomposed. After which, another ingredient combination was used and the carcasses were decomposing with only the bones and feathers remaining. Further decomposition of the feathers and bones in the secondary composting process (in the secondary bins), which also takes about 15-20 days, is currently under experimentation. Samples of finished compost are to be sent for analysis of their Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium contents.