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Category Archives: Environment Research

Status and Potential of Renewable energies

Research Funded by Heinrich Boell Foundation:

Promoting Renewable Energies in Lebanon through awareness and lobbying for legal reform

Background and rationale

Conventional energy production and consumption have serious negative   impacts on the environment. The dependence on energy to maintain  life and the increased urbanization have led to the increase in   consumption of fossil fuels for...

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Promotion of Organic Farming in Lebanon

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HISTORY:

Green Line received approval from the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) for a 2-year project on the “Promotion of Organic Agriculture in Lebanon”. The purpose is to promote organic farming in Lebanon with an emphasis on the preparation for the legal framework and the establishment of a certification system. This project strengthens a potential niche in the agriculture sector suffering from a marketing crisis and supports rural livelihoods sustainably.

The Organic Farming Committee gathered data and compiled guidelines for organic production to be used as National Standards. These Guidelines for the Production, Processing, Labeling and Marketing of Organically Produced Foods were based on the Codex Alimentarius Certification Agency’s guidelines, the European Community’s legal framework, the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture’s regulations and the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Mouvements (IFOAM) standards. The Guidelines for the production, processing, labeling and marketing of organically produced foods compiled by Green Line was submitted to Lebanese Standards Institution (LIBNOR). LIBNOR is a public institution having the authority of preparing national standards. Green Line was following-up the standards for the production of organic products with LIBNOR and the Ministry of Agriculture. A National Committee, including representatives of all parties, held weekly meetings at LIBNOR and finalized the National Standards for Organic Farming.
The standards, passing through a trial period of three months have been divided into 4 sections:
1 – Plants and Plant Products, Livestock and Livestock Products, Beekeeping, and Food processing and Handling based on the EEC Regulation 2092/91;
2 – Aquaculture based on IFOAM basic standards;
3 – Forest Management based on IFOAM basic standards;
4 – Accreditation Criteria for Programmes Certifying Organic Agriculture and Processing based on IFOAM.

Within the scope of the “Promotion of Organic Farming in Lebanon” project, Green Line has organized two trainings during the last six months:

1- Training of Inspectors on the on the Principles of Organic Vegetable and Fruit Production, Inspection Techniques and Documentation of Results

Green Line Association has commissioned Ms. Wiebke Deeken from GfRS Resource Protection Ltd. to conduct a training course for 12 participants on the principles of organic vegetable and fruit production, inspection techniques and documentation of results according to the EU regulation on organic farming No. 2092/91 and its amendments.
The training was held at Green Line offices from July 8-16, 2003 and included theoretical and practical applications of the EU regulations on Organic Farming.
The training was preceded by a one-day meeting for the major stakeholders in organic farming to discuss the status of organic farming in Lebanon focusing on certification and inspection processes and current marketing systems.

2- Training on the Requirements for the Development of a Certification Body according to the EU regulation on organic farming No. 2092/91

Green Line Association has commissioned GfRS Resource Protection Ltd. to conduct a training on the requirements for the development of a certification body according to the EU regulation on organic farming No. 2092/91.
GfRS Resource Protection Ltd. a certification body recognized according to Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 in Germany and Austria since 1991, is accredited by the German DAP, and supports the establishment of local certification agencies for the production of organic goods by providing among others training on inspection and certification techniques.
The 4 selected participants were trained at GfRS Resource Protection Ltd. Offices in Gottingen , Germany from December 3-10, 2003 .

For more information: organic@greenline.org.lb